The major threats to riparian land are those that affect one or more of these key attributes:
- Uncontrolled stock access to riparian land, the bed and banks of waterways. Stock can contaminate water and erode the banks by trampling;
- Recreational pressure;
- Weeds (especially willows) and pest animals;
- Lack of or degraded riparian vegetation due to past land clearing;
- Unmanaged vehicle access and stream crossings;
- Rubbish dumping;
- Urban development; and
- Other agricultural practices (such as cropping too close to riparian land).
These threats have all affected the condition of Victoria’s riparian land. The third statewide benchmarking of riparian land condition showed that 32 per cent was in good to excellent condition, around 40 per cent was in moderate condition and 28 per cent was in poor to very-poor condition.